Effective responses to global environmental problems require international cooperation, but global environmental treaty-making efforts, including the 1992 U.N.-sponsored Earth Summit in Brazil, have not accomplished very much along these lines. International cooperation has been hampered by the conflicts between the developed nations of the North and the developing nations of the South; by the fact that science cannot accurately predict when or how environmental threats will materialize; and by the problem that the United Nations treaty-making system,which was not designed to handle threats to the environment.
In this illuminating study, Lawrence Susskind looks at the weaknesses of the existing system of environmental treaty-making and the increasingly important role that non-governmental interests play in environmental diplomacy. Environmental Diplomacy: Negotiating More Effective Global Agreements details new strategies to balance scientific and political considerations in the treaty-making process and argues effectively for linking ecological security with economic and military security to join currently disconnected aspects of treaty negotiation. Susskind offers new approaches to designing "nearly self-enforcing" agreements that ensure compliance without threatening sovereignty and maintains that new institutional arrangements are within reach. He reviews the key reforms included in the Salzburn Initiative and focuses on changes that can and should be made in UN-sponsored enviromental treaty-making processes. Building on the work of the Program on Negotiation at the Harvard Law School and the International Environmental Negotiation Network, Susskind demonstrates the merit of these recommendations by applying them to pressing environmental threats such as global warming, the loss of biodiversity, and ocean pollution.
Environmental Diplomacy: Negotiating More Effective Global Agreements analyzes more than a dozen of the major international environmental treaties and offers clear guidelines for how to negotiate more effective global agreements that can provide for sustainable development. This book will be of great interest to scholars and students of environmental studies, international relations, and political science, as well as to the general reader with an environmental interest.